THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LACK OF VEGETABLE AND FRUIT CONSUMPTION WITH OVERWEIGHT INCIDENCE AMONG PEOPLE OF PRODUCTIVE AGE
The Relationship Between Less Consumption of Vegetables and Fruit With Overweight Incidence at Productive Age (15-64 Years) in Parung District, Bogor Regency
Keywords:Fruits and Vegetables, Overweight, Productive
Obesity/overweight is a nutritional problem that has a long-term impact on health. An overweight person has a risk of developing diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and cancer. This study aims to analyze the relationship between factors of lack of vegetable and fruit consumption with overweight at the productive age (15-64 years) in the Parung Sub-district. This study uses secondary data, a quantitative type with a cross-sectional study design. The sample of this study is 142 people of productive age (15-64 years) using simple random sampling. Data collection was conducted in conjunction with vaccine surveys in Parung Sub-district conducted by officers and by implementing health protocols. The results showed that there was no relationship between a lack of vegetable and fruit consumption with overweight occurrence. Lack of fruit and vegetable consumption is not the main factor of overweight; many other factors can affect overweight such as genetic factors, lack of physical activity, drugs, or hormonal factors. Genetic factors usually affect 40-50% if one of the parents has a history of being overweight or obese, but if both parents have a history of obesity, it will affect 70-80% of the next offspring. Factors of lack of physical activity lead to less maximal energy expenditure; it is highly recommended to do physical activity at least 30 minutes a day. Drug factors such as steroid drugs that are often consumed in the long term to treat asthma, osteoarthritis, and allergies can lead to increased appetite and increase the risk of being overweight or obese. Hormonal factors commonly associated with obesity are hormones such as leptin, ghrelin, thyroid, insulin, and estrogen, and regular medications with hormonal are often associated with the use of contraceptives such as birth control pills or contraceptive injections.