Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/index"><img src="http://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/public/site/images/miphmc/cover-umum-update-thumbnails-dac3bb40f3662d3d978e0ab9ff73ea45.jpg" alt="Cover MIPHMC" width="272" height="384" /></a></p> <p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: #005680;">MIPHMC : </span></strong>Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding (MIPHMP) 2021, an international scientific event that brings together health and medical expert, researchers, scholar, policy maker to share experience, exchange information, and discuss about our conference theme, Management of Tuberculosis control in the COVID-19 Pandemic era. Tuberculosis remains problem in many countries. Indonesia is one of the countries that has challenge to combat the Tuberculosis. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced the attention for its countermeasure while the Tuberculosis cases cannot be neglected. Therefore, this conference aims to encourage people’s awareness how to manage Tuberculosis during COVID-19 Pandemic. This agenda will be held virtually hosted by the Faculty of Public Health and Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta. This event also has collaboration with The Indonesia Public Health Association (IPHA) Jakarta Region, Indonesian Doctor Association, and Indonesian Midwife Association.<br /><br />E-ISSN: 2808-5361</p> <p style="font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"><a href="http://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmc" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MIPHMP: </a>This Proceeding include but not limited to: Epidemiology, Health Promotion, Environmental Health, Occupational Health and Safety, Reproductive Health, Population Study, Medicine, Maternal and Child Health, Pediatrics, Surgery and Internal Medicine.</p> Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta en-US Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2808-5361 PROGRESS IN HEALTH COVERAGE AMONG INDONESIAN OLDER PEOPLE TOWARD THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION’S DECADE OF HEALTHY AGING 2021-2030 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/364 <p><strong><em>Introduction.</em></strong><em> Older people are associated with health decline and age-related disability. Person-centered integrated care is an action plan for the 'Decade of Healthy Aging 2021-2030' to ensure older people enjoy healthier lives. </em><strong><em>Purpose.</em></strong><em> To participate in the Decade movement, evidence of the progress in health coverage among Indonesians elderly from 2015 to 2022 should be presented. </em><strong><em>Methods.</em></strong><em> This study uses the 2015, 2020, and 2022 National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) datasets with a sample of 94,326, 121,961, and 122,344 elderly aged 60 and over, respectively. Univariate analysis is used to determine the percentage of elderly utilizing outpatient treatment between 2015 and 2022. </em><strong><em>Results</em></strong><em>. The proportion of elderly without health insurance fell from approximately 45.4 percent in 2015 to 26.4 percent in 2015, and 26 percent in 2022. However, the proportion of older people with health insurance and a health problem but not seeking outpatient treatment rose from around 35.8 percent in 2015 to 45.2 percent in 2020, and 48.2 percent in 2022. Self-medication has been the highest prevalent reason for not utilizing outpatient treatment over time. Self-medication increased from about 57.5 percent in 2015 to 62.1 percent in 2020 and 73.9 percent in 2022. Only about 2.8 percent of the elderly did not utilize outpatient treatment in 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. </em><strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong><em> As self-medication was the most common reason, community awareness and collaboration with health care providers should be encouraged to carry out person-centered integrated treatment.</em></p> Mardiana Dwi Puspitasari Mugia Bayu Rahardja Indra Murty Surbakti Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 1 7 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.364 POTENTIAL RISK FACTORS TO PREVENT THE RISE IN ELECTRIC CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION AMONG INDONESIAN ADOLESCENTS AGED 13 TO 15 YEARS OLD https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/389 <p><em>Data showing a significant increase trend in sales of electronic cigarettes in Indonesia and users aged ≥ 15 years have increased tenfold to 6.6 million in 2021, and there has been no e-cigarette regulation. The purpose of the study is to provide evidence to support policies intended for increasing the number of electric smokers. Using data from the 2019 Global Youth Tobacco Survey with national representation. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses (p &lt; 0.05) were performed. The analysis states: 15% of youth 13-15 years old use e-cigarettes and most users are boys 13 years old, with a weekly disposable income below IDR 50,000. Multivariate analysis shows; friends or shop workers who provide e-cigarettes or attend events promoting tobacco products have a 15-fold greater influence on adolescents than the reference group. When compared to not seeing the advertisements, e-cigarette advertisements on the streets/stores/TV/ internet have the potential to increase adolescent motivation by 8 times. Nonsmokers who have tried tobacco products are potentially three times more likely to be interested in e-cigarettes than those who have never tried them. Adolescent smokers are twice as likely as nonsmokers to use e-cigarettes, and close friends who smoke are twice as likely as nonsmokers to influence e-cigarette use. Information shows that the previous Tobacco Advertising Promotion and Sponsorship Policy was ineffective, it needed to be strengthened with a total ban. It is critical to strengthen smoking cessation efforts, as well as raise parental and community awareness of the dangers of consuming tobacco products.</em></p> Asep Kusnali Vebby Amelia Edwin Endang Indriasih Tati Suryati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 8 23 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.389 A STUDY OF MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES BY PRIVATE MIDWIVES IN SURABAYA CITY, INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/392 <p><em>Maternal mortality in Indonesia increased but the coverage of antenatal care and birth attendants by health workers is high. The majority of antenatal care was by private midwives and the majority of birth attendants was by midwives. The study aims to determine the maternal health services by private midwives in maternal health services. It was a mixed study, carried out in Surabaya City because of the highest maternal deaths in East Java Province in 2016. The s</em><em>econdary data of maternal health services were collected from Surabaya City Health Office and Indonesian Midwives Association </em><em>of Branch</em><em> Surabaya City</em>. <em>The qualitative data </em><em>were domain on internal and external problems of private practice midwives. </em><em>There were 10 informants whom selected purposively. The data were collected by round table discussion. The secondary data were analyzed univariately and the qualitative data were analyzed descriptively. From about 250 private midwives in Surabaya City, 133 were </em><em>‘D</em><em>elima</em><em>’</em><em> midwives in which a program of the Indonesia Midwives Association. Maternal health services by private midwives enhance access. The </em><em>‘D</em><em>elima</em><em>’</em><em> midwives have requirements of knowledge, enhancing skill, reporting, infrastructure standards, and development. So, the quality of maternal health services by </em><em>‘D</em><em>elima</em><em>’</em><em> midwives was relatively better. However, private midwives’ services, including the </em><em>‘D</em><em>elima</em><em>’</em><em> midwives in Surabaya city had not analyzed ANC results, pregnant women visiting private midwives should visit health centers for integrated ANC, midwives’ duties beyond educational competencies, and lack of mentoring for apprentice midwives because of many midwives’ duties. It suggests improving the knowledge and skill of private midwives.</em></p> Betty Roosihermiatie Arief Priyo Nugroho Felly Philipus Senewe Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 24 41 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.392 BARRIERS TO STUNTING PRIMORDIAL PREVENTION THROUGH PROSPECTIVE BRIDE’S ADVISORY SERVICE: A QUALITATIVE STUDY USING SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL MODEL https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/355 <p>Since the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Warmadewa, launched community-oriented medical education (COME), the stunting prevalence in Gianyar Residence decreased from 12.1% (2018) to 11.1% (2019). In 2021, it decreased to 5.1% which was lower than Bali province (10.9% in 2021) and much less than the Republic of Indonesia (24.4%). The PentaCOME (Pentahelix Community-Based Medical Education) project, the modification of COME, was the collaboration of the Indonesian Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Higher Education, the Warmadewa University, as well as PT. Sido Muncul is implemented to further lower stunting prevalence via the “Stunting Primordial Prevention Through Prospective Brides Advisory Service” initiative in Payangan District. The present study was intended to figure out barriers to implementing such initiatives. This is a qualitative study using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) in obtaining data. Purposive sampling was used to select informants who represented academicians (3), businessmen (2), community (9), government (3), and media (3) (i.e., Penta helix components). Twenty in-depth interviews and two FGDs involving academician, community, government, and media were conducted during the 1 September 2022 – 15 October 2022 period. Two coders transcribed and coded independently. The social-ecological model was used to categorize the codes. Informants described that they never heard about the ELSIMIL application (ELSIMIL stands for <em>Electronic Siap Nikah dan Hamil</em> which means ‘prepared to get married and pregnant application’) at the personal level. The “No pregnancy, no marriage” motto (i.e., social pressure to get pregnant before marriage among Balinese) was found a barrier at the interpersonal level. At the institutional level, key informants stated the prospective bride’s advisory service and ELSIMIL application campaign were not adequate. At the community level, the family support team community has been established, however, they could not fulfill their function properly due to the “no pregnancy, no marriage” motto. At the policy level, the traditional village assembly (i.e., “<em>Majelis Desa Adat”</em>) has not issued regulations regarding the prospective bride’s advisory service. A lack of cross-sector collaboration was also reported as a barrier to this initiative. A well-planned promotion could socialize ELSIMIL application among prospective brides. Advocacy to the traditional village assembly might diminish the “no pregnancy, no marriage” motto. Pentahelix collaboration needs to be established to achieve the “zero stunting for golden generation” goal.</p> Made Indra Wijaya Komang Triyani Kartinawati Luh Gede Pradnyawati I Gusti Ngurah Made Bayuningrat Tanjung Subrata I Made Pariartha A.A. Gede Indraningrat Made Dharmesti Wijaya Kartika Sari Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 42 58 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.355 ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SELECTION OF BIRTH ATTENDANTS IN THE TALANG MAMAK TRIBE COMMUNITY OF INDRAGIRI HULU DISTRICT https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/428 <p>There was a decrease in the maternal mortality rate (MMR) at 390 to 305 out of 100,000 live births but still failed to reach the MDGs target to become SDGs, namely 70 deaths per 100,000 per live birth in 2023. Indonesian data for 2018 based on birth attendants by health workers was 93.1% and non-Nakes 6.7%, there were still 16% who gave birth at home, while in 2022 there were still 3 .65% assisted deliveries by non-health workers. The purpose of the study was to analyze the factors that influence the selection of birth attendants in the Talang Mamak community of Indragiri Hulu regency. This type of research is quantitative with cross sectional design. The population in this study amounted to 45 respondents with the criteria for respondents, namely pregnant women and mothers who have infants. Data analysis using Chi Square and Logistic Regression. The results showed that of the 45 respondents, 60% of deliveries were assisted by health workers and 40% were assisted by traditional birth attendants. There was a relationship between knowledge (p-value = 0.000), attitude (p-value = 0.014), beliefs/practices (p-value = 0.005), cost of labor (p-value = 0.028), distance (p-value = 0.028), family support (p-value = 0.011). The factor that plays the most role in the selection of birth attendants is knowledge with a significant value of 0.025, maternal attitude 0.031 and trust / custom 0.043 and family support 0.054. It is recommended to increase the knowledge of the mother by continuing health promotion with cultural and social approaches, as well as instilling a positive attitude towards health workers as birth attendants, so that childbirth is free of complications.</p> Dona Martilova Nurmaini Fikarwin Zuska Sri Rahayu Sanusi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 59 68 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.428 ISLAMIC RELIGIOSITY GUIDANCE APPROACHES ON MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/365 <p><em>The productive age population in Indonesia in 2022 will reach 69%, with great potential for increasing economic growth. However, there is an increasing threat of mental disorders, which results in low productivity and hinders economic growth. Mental health disorders have psychologically weak conditions that need strengthening through religious guidance. Muslims believe that a religious guidance approach can help solve problems of mental health disorders. Unfortunately, they do not understand practical Islamic guidance as an effort to prevent and promote mental health disorders. This study aims to analyse the Islamic religious guidance approach for mental health disorders. This research uses qualitative methods with a literature study approach. The data collection strategy was sourced from seven published Scopus-indexed journal literature in 2018-2023 using the keywords "Islamic religion and mental health". The study found practical variations of Islamic religious guidance for mental health disorders, including religious lectures, Al-Quran therapy, prayer therapy, psycho-spiritual therapy, therapy for majelis taklim activities, zikir and shalawat therapy, tawba and istighfar therapy. The practical implications of research with Islamic religious guidance can help treat mental health disorders gradually and sustainably.</em></p> Awang Saputra Adi Fahrudin Munaya Fauziah Saiful Bahri Muhammad Fachri Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 69 78 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.365 THE EFFECT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION TO PROSPECTIVE BRIDE IN PREGNANCY NUTRITION PREPARATION TO PREVENT THE RISK OF STUNTING: STUDY LITERATURE REVIEW https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/386 <p><em>The National Strategy Program in Indonesia for the Acceleration of Stunting Prevention targets specific nutrition interventions for Women of Reproductive Age. The government implemented a health examination program for prospective brides to prevent the risk of stunting. This study aims to describe the implementation of nutrition education for brides in Indonesia, and its effect on knowledge, attitudes, and consumption behavior of nutritious food as a preparation for a healthy pregnancy. The method of this research is Systematic Literature Review by screening articles using the PRISMA chart. The article sources used were Google Scholar and Garuda with article years 2020 to 2022, 333 articles were found, and 16 articles were required to be reviewed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method. Description of research results is the locations used to provide education include the Office of Religious Affairs (Kantor Urusan Agama), Puskesmas, and local area halls. The educational media used are booklets, leaflets, digital applications, social media, and PowerPoint presentations. The nutrition materials given were 1000 HPK, preconception nutrition, and anemia prevention. The results of the study provided nutrition education had a significant impact on knowledge and attitudes, but education would have an impact on behavior if it was given at least 3 times. This study concludes that the nutrition education strategy needs to include factors that affect education acceptance such as educational background and social economy, and the impact assessment of education must also include the behavior of consuming nutritious food and changes in the body's nutritional status.</em></p> Ratna Wulandari Ahmad Syafiq Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 79 93 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.386 THE EFFECT OF PERCEPTION ON OBESITY AND ALCOHOL DRINKING PREDIABETES CAUSES TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN TORAJA ETHNIC IN SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/452 <p>The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has been increasing in the world for several decades. The International Diabetes Federation predicts the global prevalence of DM to be 382 million in 2013 and 529 million in 2035 and will continue to increase until 22 next year. Indonesia ranks fourth after India, China, and America. Before becoming T2DM, most sufferers experienced prediabetes. Prediabetes to T2DM is influenced by socio-cultural factors including perceptions about obesity and consuming alcohol. This study aims to determine the effect of perceptions of obesity and prediabetes alcohol drinking as a cause of T2DM in the Toraja ethnic in South Sulawesi Province. Qualitative research design with the Rapid Assessment Procedure method. The population is prediabetic from biomedical samples in Tana Toraja and North Toraja Regencies, South Sulawesi Province Riskesdas 2013. The samples are residents with prediabetes and T2DM of the Toraja ethnic group who live in Tana Toraja and North Toraja regency. Information gathering was carried out in 2018 through focus group discussions on two groups (prediabetes and T2DM). In-depth interviews with health service program managers, health center staff, health cadres, and community leaders. Research explains that there is an influence on perceptions of obesity and alcohol drinking in pre-diabetic Toraja people who cause T2DM. Obesity is perceived as a sign that a person has prospered in life, while an alcoholic drink called <em>tuak</em> is the drink consumed daily by the Toraja people.</p> Shermina Oruh Nurgadima Achmad Djalaluddin Lukman Waris Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 94 102 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.452 FACTOR INFLUENCING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN WASTE BANKS DURING COVID-19 IN CILEGON CITY, BANTEN INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/398 <p><em>In Indonesia, achieving community participation in waste management continues to be quite difficult. In Cilegon City, Banten, the management of solid waste at the local level requires the use of a waste bank. In Cilegon City, Banten, during COVID-19, this study sought to identify the contributing elements to community engagement in waste banks. Cross-sectional research is the method used in this study. The findings indicated that 60% of respondents struggled to participate in garbage banks. Female respondents made up 54% of the sample, and 64% of them were over 30 years old. Gender had a very strong impact on community involvement in waste banks (OR = 4.500; 95% CI: 1.862-10.877). Additionally, other variables such as attitude level (OR = 3.444; 95% CI: 1.403-8.457) and family influence this community participation. Female gender, attitude, and family support were the primary factors that significantly influenced community engagement in waste banks in Cilegon City. Therefore, a policy change that emphasizes female empowerment is required to enhance the current method of managing solid waste at the community level.</em></p> Nurce Arifiati Fauzul Hayat Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 103 110 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.398 EFFECT OF RED BEANS AND BLACK BEANS WITH A DIABETES MELLITUS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/411 <p><em>Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that requires dietary management. One of the diet strategies is a high consumption of antioxidants and fiber contained in red beans and black beans. The purpose of this article is to prove that red beans and black beans can treat diabetes mellitus. The method is a systematic review using the PRISMA protocol and JBI's Critical Appraisal Tools. The source of the article is experimental studies published in the last 10 years (2013-2023) in Google Scholar, Pubmed, and Science Direct databases. The results showed that red beans and black beans are rich in antioxidants and fiber. Antioxidants and fiber are known to reduce blood glucose levels and increase insulin levels. The conclusion of this article is red beans and black beans can treat diabetes mellitus. The suggestion of this review is that better to increase the daily dose of red beans and black beans consumption to treat diabetes.</em></p> Pratiwi Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa Tri Nugraha Susilawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 111 123 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.411 EFFECT OF THIAMINE, BMI, SLEEP DURATION, AND ANXIETY IN NEUROTIC, STRESS, AND SOMATOFORM DISORDER https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/395 <p><em>Neurotic, stress, and somatoform disorders are one of the diagnosis group characterized by anxiety symptoms. Thiamine or vitamin B1 levels, Body Mass Index (BMI), and sleep duration have been associated partially with anxiety disorders in the health population. The aim of this study is to examined the relationship between thiamine levels, BMI, and sleep duration with anxiety symptoms among people with neurotic, stress, and somatoform disorders. This study is observational with cross-sectional design and engage</em> <em>patients with neurotic, stress, and somatoform disorders as participant. The data gathered comprised</em> <em>thimine levels measured using the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), BMI measured based on data of the patient's weight and height, and sleep duration obtained through a questionnaire. Anxiety levels were evaluated using the Zung Self-Rating Questionnaire (SAS). Linear regression was performed for data analysis. The findings indicated that there was no significant relationship between vitamin B1 levels and anxiety levels. However, this study suggested that an increase of 1 hour in sleep duration (coefficient = -2.784, p = 0.007) and an increase of 1 unit in BMI (coefficient = -0.824, p = 0.022) were associated with a statistically significant decrease in anxiety index. This study demonstrated significant relationship between BMI and sleep duration with anxiety symptoms in patients with neurotic, stress, and somatoform disorders. Further study is required to understand the mechanisms of this relationship and its implications for the treatment of patients with neurotic, stress, and somatoform disorders.</em></p> Lintang Mega Pertiwi Mohammad Fanani Nur Hafidha Hikmayani Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 124 136 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.395 FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE OCCURENCE OF STUNTING IN CHILDREN AGED 12-35 MONTH IN THE DIY PROVINCE https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/562 <p><em>Stunting is a condition of failed growth in children characterized by significantly short stature relative to their age</em><em>. </em><em>Stunting occurs due to inadequate and unbalanced nutrient intake, and it can be influenced by other factors such as illness, poor sanitation, limited access to clean water, and an environment that does not support optimal child growth</em><em>. </em><em>The purpose of this study was to know the factors associated with the occurrence of stunting for children aged 12-35 months in the DIY Province.</em> <em>This study is a further analysis of the 2021 Indonesian Nutritional Status Study data for the Province of DIY. The design of the research was stratified two-stage sampling. </em><em>Stunting data collection was carried out through interviews with parents of children using a questionnaire </em><em>and measuring the height of the children by local enumerators. Bivariate analysis to know the relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable. Meanwhile, to know the factors associated with the occurrence of stunting in children, a multivariate analysis was carried out</em><em>. </em><em>The result showed that there wasa significant relationship between stunting with the age of mothers, difficulty transportation to healthcare, monitoring and development of children, and the mother receiving nutritional counseling, p-value≤ 0.05. Age of children, gender of children, place of residence, education of mothers, and occupation of mothers, had no significant association with the occurrence of stunting, p-value&gt; 0.05.</em> <em>The factors associated with the occurrence of stunting for the children were the age of mothers, difficulty transportation to healthcare, monitoring, and development of children, and the mother receiving nutritional counseling. </em><em>It is necessary to increase the role of posyandu as a forum that helps the government to improve public health, in this case reducing stunting rates in toddler.</em></p> Made Ayu Lely Suratri Vebby Amelia Edwin Endang Indriasih Nurhayati Anni Yulianti Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 137 148 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.562 DIFFERENCES IN FOOD INTAKE (ENERGY, PROTEIN, FAT AND CARBOHYDRATES) IN CHILD WASTING BY GIVING COOKIES OF PURPLE SWEET POTATO AND TEMPEH FLOUR https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/435 <p><em>Wasting is a malnutrition condition attributable to insufficient food intake and/or disease. Poor quality and quantity nutrition in food intake is particular concern, especially for child wasting. One of the efforts to deal of child wasting is by providing nutrient-rich supplementary foods such as cookies. Cookies of purple sweet potato and tempeh flour have nutritional value of protein (8.06-22.31%) and carbohydrates (63.85-82.42%). The aim of study was to analyze differences in food intake (energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates) in child wasting by giving cookies of purple sweet potato and tempeh flour. The design of this study was quasi-experiment used a pre-posttest design with a controlled group. The study consisted of a control group (100% purple sweet potato cookies), K1 (90% purple sweet potato: 10% tempeh flour) and K2 (80% purple sweet potato: 20% tempeh flour). The intervention for 30 days. The analyze of data used were paired t-test and One-Way Anova. The results found that there was an increase in food intake (energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates) before and after giving cookies of purple sweet potato and tempeh flour and it was statistically significant. There was a significant difference food intake in each group after intervention by cookies (p&lt;0.05). Intervention with cookies of purple sweet potato and tempeh flour could be the alternative to increase food intake in child wasting.</em></p> Fitria Mushollini Harsono Salimo Lilik Retna Kartika Sari Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 149 157 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.435 CLIMATIC RELATIONSHIP (TEMPERATURE, HUMIDITY, AND RAINFALL) WITH DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (DHF) INCIDENCE IN SOUTH TANGERANG CITY 2016-2020 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/378 <p><em>Climate change is one of the hot issues discussed recently, given its serious impact on various aspects of life, especially health. Climate change can increase the risk of disease occurrence due to increases in air temperature, air humidity, and extreme rainfall incidence. Climate change is one of the factors contributing to the increase in dengue cases. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between climate and DHF in South Tangerang City in 2016-2020. This research is a descriptive research using time series analysis of ecological study design. This research is included in the observational study that uses secondary data by looking at climatic factors, such as air temperature, humidity, and rainfall as independent variables and the incidence of DHF as a dependent variable. revealed that there was no very weak significant relationship in a negative direction (p = 0.346 / r = -0.124) between temperature and the incidence of DHF, there was a moderate relationship in a positive direction (p = 0.0005 / r = 0.470) between humidity and the incidence of DHF, and there is a moderately significant relationship in a positive direction (p = 0.016 / r = 0.309) between rainfall and the incidence of DHF. Humidity and rainfall have a significant relationship with the incidence of DHF in South Tangerang City in 2016-2020.</em></p> Vivinda Trisnowati Putri Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 158 164 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.378 THE RELATIONSHIP OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND COMPLIANCE WITH THE USE OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) WITH SAFETY BEHAVIOR AMONG SPBE EMPLOYEES IN PANDEGLANG DISTRICT https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/426 <p><em>Safety Behavior is a way of behaving that is carried out by individual interest to minimize or prevent potential disasters. Safety behavior in this research focuses on the human behavior aspect in workplace accidents. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and compliance with the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) with safety behavior among SPBE Pertamina employees in Pandeglang District. This research uses quantitative methods by cross-sectional and observation approach to the study. The sample of this research is all of the 40 employees in SPBE working in charge of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) filling. Total sampling is used as a sample retrieval technique, and the data retrieval technique used is a questionnaire. The data analysis method used is univariate and bivariate analysis with Chi-Square test analysis. The result of this study shows a significant relationship between knowledge of the safety behavior of SPBE employees (p-value 0.034) and there is a significant relationship between attitude with SPBE employees' safety behavior (p-value 0.011). This study concludes that there is a relationship between knowledge and attitude toward safety behavior among SPBE Pertamina employees in the Pandeglang District. Therefore, it is suggested that SPBE leadership conduct education for employees so that employee knowledge and attitudes increase so that they can increase good safety behavior for employees.</em></p> Siti Nur Ramdaniati E. Egriana Handayani Dedeh Jubaedah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 165 172 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.426 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK STRESS AND NURSE PERFORMANCE IN THE NURSING CARE PROCESS IN THE INPATIENT UNIT OF KHIDMAT SEHAT AFIAT HOSPITAL DEPOK CITY IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/387 <p>Work Stress is a condition in which a person feels obstacles or demands related to what is expected and considered to be successful but not as expected. Increased work stress causes nurse must role in a manner maximum in serves patients, some symptom consequence stress includes laziness, experiencing change lust eating, and often sick head. So that could affect the performance of nurses. This research uses a <em>cross-sectional </em>research design. The sample used the <em>total </em><em>sampling method </em>with a total sample of 69 respondents. The analysis was performed using <em>the chi-square test</em><em>. </em>From 69 respondents work stress with the performance of nurses in the inpatient unit of Khidmat Sehat Afiat Hospital, Depok City, in the moderate stress level category there were 44 nurses with a percentage of 63.8% with poor nurse performance as many as 25 nurses with a percentage of 56.8% and nurses with good performance as many as 19 nurses with a percentage of 43.2%. The results of the <em>Chi-square </em>statistical test with <em>Crostabulation </em>using α = 0.05 found a <em>p-value </em>of 0.026, so it can be concluded that the <em>p-value </em>&lt;α = 0.05, which means that there is a significant relationship between work stress and nurse performance<em>.</em> There is a Connection Between stress Work with Nurse Performance, listening indicator psychology, physical, and behavior as indicator measurement of work stress. Home it hurts more to notice condition stress nurse with given a chance to develop a career and education, as well as analyze the burden work nurse.</p> Maulida Khalizahy Azizah Zen Fini Fajrini Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 173 180 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.387 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATERNAL KNOWLEDGE AND FOOD INTAKE ON THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN PARTICIPATING IN THE NUTRITION POST AT PUSKESMAS BAJA TANGERANG CITY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/419 <p><em>The toddler period is commonly known as the golden age or the golden age because the success of growth and progress in the future is determined at this time. The nutritional status of toddlers is an important thing that every parent should know. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between a mother's knowledge and a toddler's food intake with a toddler's nutritional status (weight/age, height/age, and weight/height). This research is an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. This research was conducted in June 2023 in the working area of ​​the Jalan Baja Health Center, Tangerang City. The sample in this study used Saturated Sampling with as many as 63 respondents. The statistical analysis used was univariate analysis and bivariate analysis with chi-square. The results showed that 23.8% of respondents had wasting nutritional status, 71.4% of respondents had good knowledge and 50.8% had frequent food intake. There is a significant relationship between knowledge (p=0.031) and food intake (p=0.021) with the nutritional status of toddlers. From this study it can be concluded that there is a relationship between the mother's knowledge of nutritional status, and food intake and nutritional status with 3 indices, namely (BB/A), (TB/A), and (BB/TB). Suggestion: To improve the nutritional status of toddlers, it is best to increase mothers' knowledge about nutrition by counseling mothers of toddlers about selecting and processing food that is diverse, nutritionally balanced, and high in animal protein.</em></p> Diah Auliany Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 181 186 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.419 LITERATURE REVIEW: OVERVIEW OF PARENTING IN STUNTING PREVENTION IN TODDLERS IN KUPANG CITY, EAST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/438 <p><em>Stunting is one of the serious public health problems in Indonesia, including in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara Province. Stunting prevention requires an active role from parents or caregivers in providing proper parenting. This study aims to provide an overview of parenting styles that play an important role in stunting prevention in Kupang City, based on a literature review of the latest studies that have been conducted in the Kupang City area. This research uses the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) method through four stages, namely identification, screening, feasibility, and results received. The literature search is done by accessing an online electronic database from Google Scholar. Literature searches have been carried out online in Indonesian-language journals on the Google Scholar database in the last three years (2020-2023). The results showed that the incidence of stunting toddlers in Kupang City was influenced by improper feeding practices due to the low level of knowledge and economy. In addition, various community empowerment activities influence reducing stunting. It is hoped that community empowerment activities will continue to reduce the incidence of stunting in Kupang City.</em></p> Rr Evy Andarini Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 187 197 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.438 LITERATURE REVIEW: HUSBAND'S ROLE IN REDUCE THE INCIDENCE OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION IN WORKING WOMEN IN INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/439 <p><em>Postpartum stress conditions are experienced by most women. Mothers who are actively working tend to have a greater risk of Postpartum Depression than mothers who do not work. This is due to the dual roles of raising children, managing the household, and completing work matters. This study aimed to determine husbands' support for the incidence of Postpartum Depression in working women in Indonesia. This study used a literature review strategy that was reviewed from several sources such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar with a selection of articles published from 2017 to 2023. Searches in the database were carried out using keywords such as “Postpartum Depression”,</em> <em>“Working Women and Postpartum Depression”, and “Husband’s Role and Postpartum Depression”. The literature review results show that the main factor influencing the incidence of Postpartum Depression in Working Women is the lack of a husband's role. Based on the literature review, it can be concluded that family support, especially husbands, is needed to minimize Postpartum Depression in Working Women. It is hoped that husbands will support and help working women in taking care of their children so that Postpartum Depression does not occur.</em></p> Linda Wahyuni Putri Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 198 205 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.439 FOOD CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR AND HOME SANITATION AS PREDICTORS IN THE INITIAL APPLICATION OF STUNTING DETECTION https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/494 <p><em>Food consumption behavior and home sanitation can be important predictors in the early implementation of stunting detection in toddlers. Stunting is a condition in which a child's physical growth and development are chronically stunted due to malnutrition and inadequate care. This study aims to determine food consumption behavior and home sanitation as predictors in the initial application of stunting detection. This study used a cross-sectional study on 245 children aged 0-59 months who lived in Bogor Regency who were selected using a proportional random sampling technique. Stunting is measured using an anthropometric index (length/height for age). Measuring food consumption using quantitative food intake (food frequency questionnaire) and home sanitation includes indicators of a healthy home, namely cleanliness of floors, walls, ceilings, roof height, function of living rooms, and kitchen space. Sociodemographic characteristics were measured using a structured questionnaire. The prevalence of stunting children under five is 20.4% and the dominant factor for stunting is age (p-value &lt;0.001; AOR=0.254; 95% CI=0.120-0.541). Food consumption and home sanitation are not related to stunting (p-value &gt;0.05). Through a comprehensive approach to food consumption behavior and home sanitation, it is hoped that early prevention and effective interventions for stunting in toddlers can be carried out. Children aged &lt;24 months are more prevented from experiencing stunting 0.254 times than those aged ≥ 24 months.</em></p> Tria Astika Endah Permatasari Yudi Chadirin Ernirita Anisa Nurul Syafitri Devina Alifia Fadhilah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 206 215 QUALITATIVE STUDY OF HUSBAND SUPPORT IN THE UTILIZATION OF ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) SERVICES AT THE TANARA HEALTH CENTER, SERANG DISTRICT https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/443 <p><strong>Background:</strong> This study aims to obtain in-depth information about deep-husband support Utilization of Antenatal Care (ANC) services at the Tanara Health Center District. <strong>Method:</strong> This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. This research was conducted in the working area of ​​the Tanara Public Health Center, Serang Regency, involving 11 informants which were divided into 5 key informants and 6 supporting informants. The sampling technique used to determine the informants for this study was purposive sampling. This research was conducted for one month from January 2023 to February 2023. The research data was obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation studies. Then, the data obtained were analyzed using reduction techniques, data presentation, and drawing conclusions which were then validated using source and technique triangulation methods.</p> Shiva Nabilah Dewi Purnamawati Tria Astika Toha Muhaimin Fatimah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 216 224 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.443 ANEMIA IN YOUNG WOMEN IN THE CITY OF SOUTH TANGERANG IN 2023 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/396 <p><strong>Background</strong>: A health problem in adolescents that is still happening today is anemia. The problem of anemia in young women needs further treatment because young women are prospective mothers who will give birth to children as the successor to the nation. <strong>Purposes: </strong>The study aimed to describe the incidence of anemia and the recipients of blood-added tablets for young women in the city of South Tangerang. <strong>Methods</strong>: This research was conducted using descriptive research. The population of this study was young women who had been screened for Hemoglobin (Hb). From January to May 2023 in all junior high schools/equivalent grades 7,8,9 and high school/equivalent grades 10,11,12 in the city of South Tangerang there were 46,624 people. The data were obtained from the Hb screening report from the South Tangerang City Health Office and were analyzed univariately in the form of a frequency distribution. <strong>Results</strong>: The results showed that 15,015 girls (32.20%) experienced anemia with mild anemia at 54.41%, moderate anemia at 40.39%, and severe anemia at 5.20%. The highest percentage of anemia was in grade 9 reaching 37.56% and the highest prevalence of anemia for young women was in the Setu sub-district of 40.27%. For blood-added tablet recipients for young women in South Tangerang City, the rate has reached 67.63% of the target of 68%. <strong>Conclusions: </strong>This study concludes that the incidence of anemia in female adolescents is still high, exceeding the national target and the proportion of female adolescents receiving iron tablets is good. Collaboration between various parties is needed to reduce the prevalence of anemia among school girls' parents, regional officials from the health office, the education and culture office, and the Ministry of Religion of the city of South Tangerang regarding nutritional action activities and monitoring and evaluation of consumption of blood-added tablets in young women.</p> Ari Retno Setiyawaty Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 225 229 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.396 FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM PARTICIPATION AND CONTRACEPTIVE USAGE IN LEUWISADENG SUBDISTRICT, 2022: A DESCRIPTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/425 <p><em>The primary indicator of the success of Family Planning (FP) will be evident from the number of contraceptive users among women of reproductive age (WRA). This study aims to evaluate the participation rate in FP and the utilization of contraceptives in Leuwisadeng District in the year 2022. Method: A descriptive research design with a quantitative approach was employed. The study population consisted of WRA in the Leuwisadeng District, with the research sample drawn from the population of FP participants. Data were collected from family registration reports through the New SIGA application and analyzed through univariate analysis by calculating percentages, which were then presented in tabular form. Results: FP participation rate: The total number of WRA in 2022 was 13,375 individuals. Out of these, 9,785 individuals (73%) were FP participants, while 3,593 individuals (27%) were non-participants. The most commonly used contraceptive method was injectable contraceptives, with a total of 6,158 individuals (62% of the total FP participants). Oral contraceptive pills were used by 2,281 individuals (23%), intrauterine devices (IUDs) by 130 individuals (1.3%), the Woman Operation Methode/Tubectomy by 96 individuals (1%), implants by 976 individuals (10%), condoms by 110 individuals (1.1%), and Vasectomy by 24 individuals (0.2%). Conclusion: The FP program in Leuwisadeng District in 2022 has achieved a reasonably good level of participation, with 73% of the total WRA being FP participants. However, there are still a significant number of WRA who have not yet participated in FP, and injectable contraceptives are the most commonly used method. Recommendation: Cross-sectoral collaboration is needed to promote family planning and enhance participation in the FP program.</em></p> Febriyanti Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 230 235 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.425 EVALUATION OF THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THE ESSENTIAL PUBLIC HEALTH EFFORT PROGRAM AT THE TEAM-BASED NUSANTARA SEHAT ASSIGNMENT HEALTH CENTER, MINISTRY OF HEALTH, REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/460 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>The Nusantara Sehat Team-based Program (NST) is a program that places health workers with 9 categories of health professionals in remote border areas and islands (DTPK) for 2 years every batch. NST aims to fill the shortage of health workers at the DTPK puskesmas so that the main tasks of the puskesmas can continue. This study aims to evaluate the sustainability of the essential public health program at the NST placement center between 2016 and 2018</em><strong><em>. </em></strong><strong><em>Method:</em></strong><em> Quantitative research method with cross-sectional design. The population is the NST batch 1-2 community health center (2016) as post-placement and NST batch 6-8 health center (2018) as placed in 28 provinces, 43 districts, and 39 health centers. The sample is the community at the placement and post-placement health centers. Data collection was carried out by interviewing the people who were selected as samples using a questionnaire by trained enumerators. A statistical test was conducted to assess the average coverage index of the essential public health program at the puskesmas by comparing the average coverage index of the program during placement and after placement with an independent t-test. </em><strong><em>The result: </em></strong><em>The results of the study showed that the NST essential public health program experienced sustainability, as seen from the results of statistical analysis, it was found that p = 0.26 95% CI (0.11-0.41) at the NST placement health center and p = 0.76 95% CI (0.36-0.49) at post-placement health centers. Sustainable programs are health promotion, empowerment, environmental health, MCH, and Nutrition. Programs that are not sustainable are disease prevention</em></p> lukman waris Nurce Arifiati Harimat Hendarwan Tri Siswati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 236 245 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.460 ACHIEVEMENT OF NATIONAL INDICATORS OF HOSPITAL QUALITY IN INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/430 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The National Quality Indicator Measurement (INM) of hospitals is mandatory to be conducted as a basis for planning, monitoring, evaluation, and decision-making for the improvement of healthcare services in hospitals, following Minister of Health Regulation Number 30 of 2022. <strong>Objective:</strong> This study aims to determine the overview of the achievement of hospitals in Indonesia in reporting and meeting the National Quality Indicators (INM). <strong>Method:</strong> The method used in this study is descriptive with secondary data analysis. Quality indicator data was obtained from the achievement data of national quality indicators reported in the mutu fasyankes.kemenkes.go.id/simar/ application. <strong>Results:</strong> All provinces have implemented the reporting of INM measurements, and the number of hospitals reporting INM in the first quarter of 2023 has increased compared to the reporting of hospital INM in the fourth quarter of 2022. There are still 18 provinces with INM reporting compliance below 50%. There is no difference in reporting compliance between government/TNI/POLRI-owned hospitals, state-owned enterprises, and private hospitals. The average achievement of INM targets in 2023 has improved compared to 2022. Compliance with the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is an indicator of low achievement. <strong>Conclusion and Suggestions:</strong> Compliance in reporting INM by hospitals has increased after the implementation of the obligation to measure and report INM according to Minister of Health Regulation Number 30 of 2022. However, the achievement of the compliance indicator for the use of PPE is still low. It is necessary to strengthen healthcare workers' adherence to the use of PPE.</em></p> Ruri Purwandani Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 246 257 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.430 EFFECTIVENESS OF EARLY MOBILIZATION ON MUSCLE STRENGTH AND PAIN SCALE IN POST-ORIF TIBIA FIBULA FRACTURE PATIENTS AT HOSPITAL IN JAKARTA CENTRAL https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/441 <p><em>Fracture is a condition where there is a break in bone tissue. ORIF is a surgical procedure that aims to restore the condition of the fracture as before. The problems that arise after ORIF is the occurrence of pain and limited activity. To reduce the problems that arise is to implement ROM (Range Of Motion) early mobilization. ObjectiveROM is to increase muscle strength and reduce the pain scale experienced by patients with tibia and fibula fractures. The method in this study was quasi-experimental with the total sampling technique. The analysis in this study used the Jamovi application with the Paired Samples T-Test and Repeated Measurement ANOVA. After ROM training there was a significant increase (P-value = &lt;0.001) during the 4 days of hospitalization with a mean difference ranging from 2.00. In early mobilization exercises carried out independently at home for 10 days there was a significant increase in muscle strength (P-value = &lt;0.001) with a mean difference ranging from 3.40. In measuring the pain scale after the ROM intervention was carried out for 4 days in the hospital, the results showed a significant decrease (P-Value = &lt;0.001) with a mean difference of around -2.00. Meanwhile, in measuring the pain scale on days 7 and 14 of independent ROM exercises at home, the results were not significant where the P-value = 0.363 with a difference in mean values ​​ranging from +0.100. The application of EBNP, namely the provision of early mobilization exercises (ROM) has proven effective in increasing muscle strength and gradually reducing the pain scale in patients with tibia and fibula fractures.</em></p> Erwan Setiyono Yani Sofiani Ninik Yunitri Nurma Dewi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 258 268 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.441 UTILIZATION OF MANGROVE ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI AS A SUSTAINABLE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY SOURCE OF CHITOSAN https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/393 <p><em>Chitosan is an important biopolymer that is used as a raw material in several industries, but the manufacturing process has the potential to harm the environment. This study aimed to exploit chitosan in mangrove endophytic fungi and to characterize it. The four fungi isolates used were 20BB0501, 20CB07, 20BA04, and 20BA0502. Fungi were obtained from mangrove plants and identified macroscopically and microscopically using the coverslip method. After performing fungal maintenance on MEA media, fungi cultivation was done on rice media for 14 days. A chitosan extract was made by isolating and extracting the chitosan from the fungal biomass. FTIR was used to characterize the isolated chitosan extract. Macroscopic examinations revealed that each of the four strains had a delicate structure and was white. According to the extraction results, the yield of chitosan from the fungal biomass was 7.5%, 16.7%, 1.6%, and 11%, respectively. According to the FTIR data, showed the degree of deacetylation reached 85.02%, 97.78%, 88.7%, and 85.02%. It can be concluded that mangrove endophytic fungi can be used in the manufacture of chitosan, which produces a high degree of deacetylation using a more environmentally friendly process. The results of this study indicate that marine fungal strains can be used as a source of chitosan. This basis can be developed for the production of bio surfactants, enzymes, and the discovery of new bioactive compounds has pharmacological and biotechnological potential.</em></p> Siti Aisah Rosyidatul Lutfiah Ni Luh Gede Ratna Juliasih Andi Setiawan Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 269 277 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.393 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PITYRIASIS VERSICOLOR IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE BANTAR GEBANG, BEKASI https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/449 <p><em>Pityriasis versicolor (PV) is a disease caused by a superficial fungus, namely </em><em>Malassezia furfur</em><em>. This disease is chronic with skin appearance that has characteristics in the form of well-defined skin lesions and white (hypopigmentation) and pink to brownish (hyperpigmentation). PV disease causes itching and a psychological impact in the form of a decrease in self-confidence. The purpose of this study was to determine the percentage of PV incidence in elementary school children at the Garbage Disposal Site, Bantar gebang, Bekasi, West Java. This type of research is quantitative and descriptive with a cross-sectional design. The research sample consisted of 87 elementary school students in grades 1 and 2 who were selected based on inclusion criteria, namely the presence of hypopigmented and hyperpigmented lesions. The examination was carried out microscopically with the solatip method using 10% KOH. Data analysis was performed by using descriptive statistical tests. The results of this study showed that there were 35 (40%) students who were positively infected with PV, which was confirmed by the presence of spores and hyphae of the fungus </em><em>M. furfur</em><em>. The age most affected by PV is 7 years old, with a percentage of 17 (49%) students, while the percentage of the sex most affected by PV is male, with as many as 23 (53%) students. The study concludes that the prevalence of children in grades 1 and 2 at Yayasan Dinamika Indonesia Elementary School around the Bantargebang landfill, Bekasi, West Java, is in the middle category. The factors that influence the incidence of PV in this study are outdoor activities, which cause the facial area to sweat easily, and lack of personal hygiene.</em></p> Reza Anindita Eka Wahyu Wulandari Maulin Inggraini Melania Perwitasari Maya Uzia Beandrade Dede Dwi Nathalia Intan Kurnia Putri Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 278 285 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.449 PREVENTION OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE THROUGH PUBERTY EDUCATION AT SDIT MUTIARA INSAN BEKASI REGENCY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/554 <p><em>Compared to a few decades ago, puberty now happens earlier, and the frequency of sexual assault is rising wildly. The purpose of this study is to examine how puberty education affects high-grade elementary school students' awareness of sexual assault prevention. With a facilitator in each class, the research design employs a quasi-experimental format of concurrent lectures and conversations lasting 60 minutes. 22 fourth-graders, 31 fifth-graders, and 31 sixth-graders make up the participants. Ten true-false questions from a pre-and post-test were used to gauge knowledge. The T-test was utilized in data analysis. The understanding of high school students significantly increased (P value 0.0001). All class discussions showed an exceptionally lively exchange of thoughts, and several students were particularly aggressive and engaged in raising issues of psychological (the recognition and control of emotions) and social (interpersonal connections and communication) interest. Continuous education is important, along with teaching strategies that are not the same as pedagogy or andragogy but rather suitable for the typical characteristics of adolescents.</em></p> Erry Utomo Nurfadhilah Dewi Purnamawati Dewi Andayani Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 286 292 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.554 FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE BEHAVIOR OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) IN WORKERS AT HEIGHT AT THE SAVYAVASA LUXURY RESIDENCE PROJECT IN 2023 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/550 <p><em>Working at height is an activity or activity carried out by workers at a workplace on the surface of land or water where there is a height difference and has the potential to fall which could cause the worker or other people in the workplace to experience injury or death. Work accidents involving heights resulted in the deaths of 2.78 million workers per year in 2018. This research aims to look at the relationship between the independent variables (age, education, knowledge, attitudes, availability of PPE) and the dependent variable (the behavior of using PPE among workers in height). PT TAISEI-CSC JO Savyavasa Luxury Apartment Project. Samples were taken using a purposive sampling technique with a total of 120 respondents. Analysis was carried out bivariate using the chi-square test. A total of 77 (64.2) workers behaved badly. The results showed that there was a relationship between education (p=0.000), knowledge (0.000), and age (0.016). Suggestions for workers to further increase discipline in complying with applicable regulations. For the company to further improve K3 socialization.</em></p> Haliqatul Zadidah Rusman Effendi Dihartawan Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 293 301 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.550 DETERMINANTS OF COVID-19 PREVENTION BEHAVIOR IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN SOUTH TANGERANG CITY YEAR 2020 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/548 <p><em>Coronaviruses, which are responsible for diseases in humans and animals, including Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and COVID-19, are a group of viruses known to cause respiratory infections in humans. Monitoring data for COVID-19 in South Tangerang City until February 2 2023 states that South Tangerang City is in the first level with the highest cases in Banten Province with 117,671 positive confirmed cases. This study aims to determine the determinants associated with COVID-19 prevention behavior in Women of Reproductive Age. This research was conducted in January 2023 using a cross-sectional design. The research sample was taken using the One-Stage Cluster and found as many as 190 women aged between 15-49 years. The results showed that most of the behaviors for preventing COVID-19 were good, most were aged &lt;25 years (63.7%), had secondary education (58.9%), working status (60%), good knowledge (95, 3%) and good attitude (52.1%). In the variables of age, education, work, and knowledge, the results obtained were p value &gt; 0.05. Meanwhile, the attitude variable obtained a p-value &lt;0.05. Age, education, occupation, and knowledge are not related to COVID-19 prevention and only attitude factors are related to COVID-19 prevention behavior. It is recommended for the community to improve good attitudes to produce good COVID-19 prevention behavior.</em></p> Violita Agnoviardi Mizna Sabilla Luqman Efendi Istianah Surury Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 302 311 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.548 FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LEVEL OF YOUTH ATTENDANCE AT THE YOUTH POSYANDU IN THE CIPONDOH HEALTH CENTER IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/549 <p><em>Based on the Indonesian Health Profile (2021), Banten Province is one of the provinces whose health service coverage for school-age children is still limited. Apart from that, the attendance rate of teenagers at the youth Posyandu in the Cipondoh Community Health Center working area was still below the target in the last year, namely only 15% of the target set at 70%. This research design used a cross-sectional design with a sample of 50 teenagers. The sampling technique uses total sampling. Data analysis using the Chi-Square test (α 0.005). There is a significant relationship between knowledge (p=0.000), distance (p=0.020), peer support (p=0.008), and the level of attendance of teenagers at the youth Posyandu. There is no significant relationship between family support and adolescent attendance at the youth Posyandu. Factors related to the level of attendance of teenagers at the youth Posyandu in the Cipondoh Community Health Center working area in 2022 are knowledge, distance, and peer support. Suggestions that can be given are to empower youth Posyandu cadres in each RW to be able to coordinate teenagers to come to youth Posyandu and carry out activities that can attract teenagers to come to Posyandu.</em></p> Suherman Zuyyina Adhal Tasyiawurin Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 312 317 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.549 FACTORS RELATED TO WORK STRESS IN THE ONLINE MOTORCYCLE TAXIS DRIVER COMMUNITY IN DEPOK CITY IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/545 <p><em>The incidence of stress is considered quite high, where more than 350 million people in the world experience stress. And according to the World Health Organization stress is a disease with the 4<sup>th</sup> rank in the world. It is recorded that around 10% of the population in Indonesia experience stress. Based on the results of previous research, it was found that in the coverage area of ​​Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi (Jabodetabek), there were 19 people (63.3%) online motorcycle taxi drivers who experienced stress, then online motorcycle taxi drivers who did not experience stress as many as 11 people. (36.7%). The purpose of this study was to find out the factors related to work stress in the online motorcycle taxi driver community in Depok City in 2022. The method in this study used a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional study design with a sample size of 130 respondents. The results of the bivariate analysis test showed that the variables related to work stress are age (p-value 0,000), gender (p-value 0,003), marital status (p-value 0,000), and workload (p-value 0,000). The variable that is not related to work stress is interpersonal relationships (p-value 0,236). This study concludes that the factors that have a relationship with work stress are age, gender, marital status, and workload. While the variables of interpersonal relationships have no relationship. </em></p> Shalsa Biella Noor Latifah Fini Fajrini Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 318 323 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.545 DETERMINANTS OF PRIMARY DYSMENORRHOEA IN SISIWI SMA NEGERI 1 GARUT IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/546 <p><em>The incidence of dysmenorrhea in Indonesia has reached 64.5%, based on a survey conducted at one school in Garut Regency, as many as 60-70% of female students experienced primary dysmenorrhea. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the age of menarche, menstrual cycle, family history, physical activity, frequency of fast food consumption, and history of exposure to cigarette smoke with the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea. The method in this research uses cross-sectional with a total sample of 176 samples determined using stratified random sampling by determining probability using probability proportional to size then tested univariately and bivariately using Chi Square with α=0.05. The results of the study showed that factors associated with the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea included age at menarche, family history, frequency of fast food consumption, physical activity, and history of exposure to cigarette smoke. Meanwhile, the menstrual cycle is not related to the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea. Suggestions that researchers can give include students being more careful and aware of themselves to prevent primary dysmenorrhea.</em></p> Siti Ashmaraji Darmawan Istianah Surury RR Arum Ariasih Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 324 332 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.546 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HOUSEWIVES' BEHAVIOR IN WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RW 07 PETUKANGAN SELATAN VILLAGE IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/547 <p><em>DKI Jakarta has experienced an increase in waste every year. Currently, waste in DKI Jakarta has reached 7,400 tons/day and in the City of South Jakarta in 2021 it produced 1,937 tons/day and 532,885 tons/year of waste. This research aims to determine the relationship between Housewives' Behavior in Waste Management in RW 07 Petukangan Selatan Village in 2022. This study used quantitative methods with an observational analytical approach, and a cross-sectional study design, using purposive sampling with 100 respondents. The results of this study found no relationship between education and the behavior of housewives p-value (of 0.810) and there was no relationship between attitudes with the behavior of housewives with a p-value (of 0.094), related variables namely knowledge with a p-value (0.007) and infrastructure with p-value (0.008). In this study, it was found that there was no relationship between education and attitudes toward waste management behavior, but there was a relationship between knowledge and infrastructure and waste management behavior. For the community to participate in a series of training activities related to waste management carried out by the government to get knowledge that can be applied to the environment.</em></p> Syifa Tiara Nabila Gilang Anugerah Munggaran Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 333 338 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.547 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PERSONAL HYGIENE WITH SCABIES INCIDENCE AT THE DAARUL ILMI CENGKLONG ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/374 <p>Scabies is a skin disease caused by the parasite Sarcoptes scabies hominis variety. The prevalence of scabies in Indonesia has decreased, data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health decreased from 2008 to 2013, as can be seen from the prevalence data for 2008 reaching 5.69% to 12.96%, 2012 reaching 4.9% to 12.95% and the latest data in 2013 reached 3.9% to 6%. The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and personal hygiene with the incidence of scabies at Daarul Ilmi Cengklong Islamic Boarding School in 2022. This research method is a quantitative analytic study using a cross-sectional approach with a sample of 72 people, sampling was carried out using the total sampling technique. Retrieval of data using a questionnaire. Data analysis used the Chi-square test (a = 0.05). Variable Results Gender and the incidence of scabies were not related (p-value 0.828). Variables related to the incidence of scabies were Age (p-value 0.035), Knowledge (p-value 0.000), Attitude (p-value 0.028), and Personal Hygiene (p-value 0.034). In conclusion, there is no significant relationship between gender and the incidence of scabies. There is a significant relationship between age, knowledge, attitudes, and personal hygiene and the incidence of scabies at the Daarul Ilmi Cengklong Islamic Boarding School.</p> Urpiyatul Ulya Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 339 347 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.374 ANALYSIS OF FATIGUE WORK FACTORS IN CONSTRUCTION WORKERS OF PT. MANDALA PUTERA PRIMA IN THE BANK INDONESIA KARAWANG PROJECT IN 2023 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/421 <p><em>Labor as an investment asset needs to work properly and correctly, among others, by taking into account the factors that may cause fatigue. As is known, that by increasing organizational performance through handling ergonomic work procedures is one way to increase productivity and prevent work accidents</em><em>.</em> <em>Research to find out the analysis of fatigue work factors in construction workers of PT. Mandala Putera Prima in The Bank Indonesia Karawang Project Tahun 2023</em><em>.</em> <em>This type of analytic observational research with a cross-sectional study approach.</em> <em>The result from this research is </em><em>90.5% of workers aged &lt;30 years experience more symptoms of work fatigue with a p-value&gt; 0.05, namely 0.661, 95.0% have a working period of 2-5 years, experience symptoms of work fatigue with a p-value&gt; 0.05, namely 0.708, duration of work &gt; 8 hours, 90.5% experienced symptoms of work fatigue with a p value&gt; 0.05, namely 0.825 and heavy workload with symptoms of work fatigue, 80.0% experienced symptoms of work fatigue with a value of p&gt; 0.05, namely 0.218.</em> <em>The risk of work fatigue in construction worker activities has a risk of the symptoms of the disease occurring.</em> <em>Workers with a risk of symptoms of work fatigue recommend that to reduce the risk of work fatigue workers get used to getting enough sleep 7-8 hours a day and eating a balanced diet (mainly vegetables and fruits).</em></p> Okbi Mardian Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 348 354 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.421 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS LEVELS AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS WITH MENSTRUAL CYCLE IRREGULARITIES IN CLASS XII ADOLESCENTS AT NUSANTARA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 02 CIPUTAT HEALTH IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/373 <p><em>Adolescence is a transition of life from childhood to adulthood. The menstrual cycle is the period between the start of the last menstrual period and the start of a new period. Stress can affect the menstrual cycle in addition to stress which can affect the irregularity of the menstrual cycle, namely a person's nutritional status. The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between stress levels and nutritional status with menstrual cycle irregularities in class XII young women at SMK Nusantara 02 Health Ciputat in 2022. This research was conducted in December 2022 using a cross-sectional design. Samples were taken using a total sampling technique of 70 respondents. Data analysis was performed using the Chi-Square Test and Simple Logistic Regression Test. The results of the bivariate test showed that there was no relationship between stress levels (p=0.404) and nutritional status (p=0.465) with irregular menstrual cycles in adolescents (p&gt;0.05). Suggestions for adolescents to start paying attention to changes in the menstrual cycle regularly every month and start maintaining their weight by doing regular exercise and carrying out various activities to reduce their stress levels by playing with friends shopping, and using smart phones to access social media such as YouTube, Instagram and other social media.</em></p> Ananda Putri Norma Rahayu Nurmalia Lusida Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 355 361 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.373 DETERMINANTS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EARLY BREASTFEEDING INITIATION (IMD) IN THE WORKING AREA OF THE PONDOK CABE ILIR HEALTH CENTER IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/539 <p>The incidence of dysmenorrhea in Indonesia has reached 64.5%, based on a survey conducted at one school in Garut Regency, as many as 60-70% of female students experienced primary dysmenorrhea. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the age of menarche, menstrual cycle, family history, physical activity, frequency of fast food consumption, and history of exposure to cigarette smoke with the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea. The method in this research uses cross-sectional with a total sample of 176 samples determined using stratified random sampling by determining probability using probability proportional to size then tested univariately and bivariately using Chi Square with α = 0.05. The results of the study showed that factors associated with the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea included age at menarche, family history, frequency of fast food consumption, physical activity, and history of exposure to cigarette smoke. Meanwhile, the menstrual cycle is not related to the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea. Suggestions that researchers can give include students being more careful and aware of themselves to prevent primary dysmenorrhea.</p> Ghina Az Zahra Siti Riptifah Tri Handari Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 362 374 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.539 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH SYMPTOMS OF LOWER BACK PAIN IN PUTRI DAFFA CONVECTION WORKERS IN DEPOK, 2023 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/376 <p><em>Low back pain is a very common problem in people of all ages and is generally described as pain, muscle tension, or stiffness located below the costal margin and above the lower gluteal fold, with or without pain in the legs. This research is a descriptive analytical study using a cross-sectional approach. This research was conducted at the Putri Daffa Convection located in Limo District, Depok with a sample of 70 female employees of the Daffa Convection. The data collection tool uses a questionnaire. The results of the Chi-square test analysis and simple logistic regression on the variable length of work showed that there was no significant relationship between work experience and low back pain, there was no relationship between work experience and low back pain, there was a relationship between work posture and low back pain, and there was no The relationship between age and low back pain. From the results of this research, it is necessary to have ways to prevent low back pain and ways to reduce pain if low back pain occurs, namely daily back exercises, being careful when working, protecting your back when sitting and standing and staying active and living a healthy life.</em></p> Hanifah Fauziah Suhendra Dihartawan Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 375 381 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.376 OVERVIEW OF SANITARY HYGIENE OF SNACK FOOD OUTLETS IN MANGGAR CITY PARK IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/361 <p><em>The development of food trends has formed new cultures such as culinary tourism, most of which are street food. Street food generally refers to ready-to-eat food prepared on the streets and sold by street vendors in public places. The purpose of this study is to determine the picture of sanitary hygiene of mobile snack food outlets in Manggar City Park in 2022. This type of research is descriptive research with a quantitative approach. The respondents in this study were all traveling snack food outlet vendors in Manggar City Park that existed during the study. Data collection in this study used observation and interview methods using a checklist sourced from the sanitation hygiene guidelines of food centers/canteens or the like that are safe and healthy by the Ministry of Health in 2021. The result of this study is that more than half (64%) of snack food outlets in Manggar City Park have a moderate risk of incompatibility and 35.3% with low categories. There are no food outlets with a high non-conformity risk category in Manggar City Park. The advice from this study is for traders to be able to apply sanitary hygiene according to the sanitary hygiene guidelines of food centers/canteens or the like that are safe and healthy. For the coordinator of the trader and the health office to be able to provide ready-to-eat food safety counseling to traders.</em></p> Indah Febriza isti'anah Surury Mizna Sabilla Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 382 395 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.361 THE DETERMINAN INVOLVED BY THE ACCUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION (ARI) TO THE FABRICATION WORKER IN PT IHI POWER SERVICE INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/422 <p><em>Accute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is one of the disease causes of work which the effect to worker and attack to the top respiratory system, it is due to of environment factor exposure in work place. This observation is use of cross sectional desain to sample of worker. Data collection is do the 57 fabrication worker.The data is analyzed by bivariat analyze. The result of observation are a half of the worker has ARI occurred. The factors of involved to ARI are smoking (P value =0,025), working periode (P value = 0,017), age of worker (p value = 0,017), Using PPE of mask (p value = 0,018), dust exposure (p=0,004). Therefore, for worker must to do use PPE of mask when working, than give socialization of smoking danger to the worker that is is cause of ARI to the worker.</em></p> Sukriyadi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 396 402 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.422 LITERATURE REVIEW: EFFECTIVENESS OF STEROID IMPLANT AS THERAPY FOR MACULAR EDEMA IN RETINAL VEIN OCCULSION https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/433 <p><em>The incidence of dysmenorrhea in Indonesia has reached 64.5%, based on a survey conducted at one school in Garut Regency, as many as 60-70% of female students experienced primary dysmenorrhea. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the age of menarche, menstrual cycle, family history, physical activity, frequency of fast food consumption, and history of exposure to cigarette smoke with the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea. The method in this research uses cross-sectional with a total sample of 176 samples determined using stratified random sampling by determining probability using probability proportional to size then tested univariately and bivariately using Chi Square with α = 0.05. The results of the study showed that factors associated with the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea included age at menarche, family history, frequency of fast food consumption, physical activity, and history of exposure to cigarette smoke. Meanwhile, the menstrual cycle is not related to the incidence of primary dysmenorrhea. Suggestions that researchers can give include students being more careful and aware of themselves to prevent primary dysmenorrhea.</em></p> Marsha Danessa Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 403 413 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.433 KNOWLEDGE AND SUPPORT OF PARENTS TOWARD ADOLESCENT BLOOD TABLET CONSUMPTION COMPLIANCE IN ADOLESCENT WOMEN IN PASAR MINGGU DISTRICT https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/432 <p><em>Iron does not only affect current health status but can also lead to complications that arise in the future. This study aims to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge of young women and their parents' support for compliance with iron supplement consumption. This study used a cross-sectional design. Sampling using simple random sampling with a total sample of 170 respondents. Data collection was carried out through questionnaires, field observations, and document studies. The results of the bivariate analysis with the chi-square test of knowledge with a value of p = 0.017 (p &lt;0.05) which means that there is a significant relationship between the degree of knowledge and high blood pressure compliance. Based on parental support, the results obtained were p = 0.011 (p &lt;0.05), which means that there was a significant relationship between parental support and adherence to taking iron tablets routinely. Compliance with iron supplement consumption is influenced by parental knowledge and support. In the future, it is necessary to conduct counseling for young women who lack knowledge by updating educational materials and looking for effective educational media to increase knowledge. Besides that, parental support at home to carry out periodic monitoring of young women's compliance in taking iron tablets, especially during holidays.</em></p> Ery Kustini Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 414 422 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.432 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUSBAND'S KNOWLEDGE AND SUPPORT WITH FE TABLET CONSUMPTION COMPLIANCE IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN THE WORKING AREA OF CIREUNDEU PUSKESMAS IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/536 <p>According to data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, the prevalence of anemia or lack of blood in pregnant women in Indonesia in 2019 is still relatively high, namely 48.9%(1). Anemia in pregnant women can increase the risk of premature birth, antepartum bleeding, postpartum bleeding which causes death in mother and child and infectious diseases.(2) This study aims to determine the relationship of husband's knowledge and support with adherence to consumption of Fe tablets in pregnant women in the Working Area of ​​the Cireundeu Health Center. This study used quantitative analytic methods with a cross sectional study design and used a purposive sampling technique. The number of respondents was 46 pregnant women in the Working Area of ​​the Cireundeu Health Center. The data analysis in this study used the chi-square statistical test (α = 0.05) in the SPSS statistical software. Pregnant women who have good knowledge are 25 (54.3%). There were 28 (60.9%) pregnant women who received support from their husbands. There were 26 (56.5%) pregnant women who adhered to the consumption of Fe tablets. The variable associated with Fe Tablet Adherence in pregnant women in the Cireundeu Health Center Work Area was Husband's Support (P Value 0.025 OR = 5,000) The variable that was not related was Knowledge (P Value 0.413 OR = 1.956). Husband's support is related to adherence to consumption of Fe tablets while knowledge is not related to adherence to consumption of Fe tablets in pregnant women in the Working Area of ​​the Cireundeu Health Center. Suggestions for the health center namely monitor routinely the compliance of pregnant women in consuming Fe tablets and provide education to husbands as well as involving the education of husbands and pregnant women regarding the importance of Fe tablets during pregnancy so as to avoid iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women.</p> Alma Alfianti Dewi Purnamawati Nurfadhilah Luqman Efendi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 423 432 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.536 DETERMINANTS OF VISIT TO POSYANDU WOMEN IN CEMPAKA PUTIH VILLAGE, 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/538 <p><em>Coverage of under-five weighing in Indonesia has decreased from 80.8% in 2014 to 73.0% in 2015 (Ministry of Health RI, 2015). The target indicator for the percentage of districts/cities implementing active posyandu coaching in 2020 is 51%, but the results obtained by data as of January 23, 2021, are only 6%. When compared to the 2020 target, the percentage of districts/cities implementing active Posyandu training is 11.76%. This illustrates that there is still a difference of 88.24% from the indicator target that has not been met in 2021. The number of urban districts that have met the indicator criteria is 32 urban districts. This study uses a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional research design, in which all variables, both dependent and independent, will be examined at one time and simultaneously to see whether there is a relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variables from factors related to the behavior of visiting mothers under five to the posyandu in RW 04 Cempaka Putih Village, South Tangerang City. The results obtained from this study were that there were 4 variable relationships with maternal behavioral visits to posyandu from the 8 variables studied. The education variable with a p-value of 0.007 states that there is no relationship, but has an OR value of 8.360 (1.971-35.461) which states that there is a relationship in substance. The knowledge variable has a relationship with a p value of 0.000. The family support variable also has a relationship with a p value of 0.000 and the last is the variable support for health workers which states that there is a relationship with the behavior of mothers visiting the posyandu with a p value of 0.002.</em></p> Enggal Nur Fadian Isti'anah Surury Nurfadhilah Munaya Fauziah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 433 445 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.538 FACTORS RELATED TO THE INCIDENCE OF EYE FATIGUE TO COMPUTER EXPOSURE IN WORKERS AT PT. A. W FABER-CASTELL INDONESIA BEKASI IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/360 <p><em>The use of computers is useful as a communication tool, facilitating work. Excessive use of computers can cause eye disease, body, or head. Globally, around 45-70 million people spend time watching videos. basic health research in 2018, the proportion of eye injuries caused by an event or accident in the productive age of 15-45 years was 2.6%. As for the type of employee work, eye injuries have a proportion of 0.5 %. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of eye fatigue due to computer exposure among workers at PT. AW Faber-Castell Indonesia Bekasi Year 2022. This type of research uses analytic research with a cross-sectional approach with a total sample of 50 workers at PT. AW Faber-Castell Indonesia. The sampling technique uses the Total Population. Data were analyzed univariately and bivariately with the Chi Square test. The results of this study indicate workers who experience eye fatigue (74%). The most common types of eye fatigue are blurred vision (42%), sore eyes (32%), and difficulty focusing to see (30%). In this study, there were no variables that had a significant relationship, namely the distance on the monitor screen with a p-value = 0.303, eye rest P- value = 0.886 (p-value&gt;0.05) OR = 0.735 (95% CI = 0.202-2.674), duration of computer uses p-value = 1000, work period p -value = 0.707, lighting p -value = 1000. There were many complaints of eye fatigue and duration of computer use that exceeded 4 hours/day. So, it is recommended to pay attention to the risk of eye fatigue by stretching to rest the eyes work with lighting appropriate to the type of work object, and carry out maintenance.</em></p> Fidela Angelina Hafiz Triana Srisantyorini Dihartawan Januar Ariyanto Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 446 453 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.360 ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN IN THE STATE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN SOUTH TANGERANG CITY IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/369 <p><em>Climate change is an environmental phenomenon that threatens global health, impacting mental health and emotional well-being. According to Riskesdas 2018, the prevalence of mental health disorders in Indonesia at the age of ≤ 15 years who suffer from mental illnesses such as symptoms of depression and anxiety has increased from 6% to 9.8%. This study aims to find out the impact of climate change on child mental health in the Setu State Department of Southern Tangerang City in 2022. The method used is descriptive, presenting the variable studied without comparing variables with a sample of 76 respondents in the Sotu State Department implemented from December 2022 to January 2023. The results of the study showed that there was a picture of climate change on mental health, with 75 percent mental health disorders, 27.6 percent cognitive impairment, 32.9 percent anxiety, 26.3 percent depressive and somatic disorder, and 19.7 percent energy loss disorder out of 76 respondents. There is an overview of the impact of climate change on children's mental health in the state of Setu, and some students suffer from cognitive impairment, anxiety disorder, depression, somatic disorder, and energy depletion disorder based on frequency distribution. Researchers are expected to advise students to maintain and address various mental health threats and better understand climate change and its impact on mental health, for schools to provide character education, counseling guidance, and climate impact education.</em></p> Ernyasih Geia Celia Al'Ariq Suherman Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 454 458 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.369 EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF PERMATA PAMULANG HOSPITAL ADMISSION UNIT IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/540 <p><em>Human resources play an important role in a company because they are a key factor in managing the company's goals. Performance assessment is one of the assessments of an employee's ability to exercise his authority. Things that can affect good employee performance include motivation, employee work discipline, supervision, leadership style, and more. The objective of this study is to see how the role of Human Resources (HR) in developing the performance of employees in the Registration Unit of the Jewelry Pamulang Hospital. The study uses a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. This research was conducted to understand more deeply and explain the experiences experienced by individuals through in-depth interviews. The data processing of this research uses triangulation of sources and methods. The informants in this study are five people who are key informants, primary informants, and supportive informants. The study was conducted at the Pamulang Jewelry Hospital from October 2022 to January 2023. The results of this study indicate that the performance of employees in the Registration Unit is good, for employees, it is almost disciplined but still, there are employees who are less disciplined. Employees' work also requires motivation from their superiors so that their performance is better. Motivation is essential because employees' motivation can work better and enthusiasm in their performance. Besides, the employee's work discipline at the Yellow Pamulang Hospital Registration Unit is quite good, because employees already understand each other's responsibilities.</em></p> Andriyani Muhammad Labib Listya Nur 'Aini Hardiman SG Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 459 465 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.540 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE OF STREET FOODS AND THE INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEA IN STUDENTS AT SD NEGERI SETU, SOUTH TANGERANG CITY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/368 <p><em>Diarrhea is an infectious disease and is characterized by symptoms such as changes in the shape and consistency of stools to become soft to liquid with a frequency of 3 times or more urination accompanied by vomiting. According to UNICEF data (2013), if viewed globally, diarrhea is a disease with a high degree of pain and mortality, especially in developing countries, and is also one of the three leading causes of child death globally. In Tangerang South in the data of the Performance Report of Government Institutions (LKIP), the number of patients suffering from diarrhea in 2020 reached 22.539 cases with the top 5 rank. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship between knowledge and behavior of food consumption and the occurrence of diarrhea in SDN Setu City Tangerang South. The Research Method uses quantitative research using the Cross-Sectional approach with 72 respondents. The results of this study show no significant relationship between knowledge with diarrhea occurrence with chi-square test results at get p-value 0.848 (p&gt;0,05) and no significant relation to behavior with diary occurrence in get p-value 0.164 (p &gt;0,05). It can be concluded that there is no significant link between knowledge and behavior with euthanasia food consumption to the occurrence of diarrhea in children at the State School of Setu City Tangerang South. The advice that the researchers can give to the school is that it is recommended to organize diarrhea-related education and wash hands with soap with 7 steps. As well as making a canteen in a school or a healthy cantina.</em></p> Abul A'la Al Maududi Miftah Hasana Lubis Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 466 471 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.368 RELATIONSHIP ATTITUDE AND NURSE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE COMPLIANCE OF THE USE OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) IN OUTPATIENT INSTALLATION AT TANGERANG SELATAN HOSPITAL https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/383 <p><em>Results from the National Safety Council report show that the incidence of workplace accidents in hospitals is 41% higher compared to other industrial workers. Frequent cases are needle needles, scratches, and infectious diseases. The implementation of K3RS is of course determined by policy by the hospital by applicable laws and regulations. The purpose of this study was to see that there is a relationship between knowledge and attitudes with adherence to PPE use. This study used quantitative analysis methods with a cross-sectional study design. This study was conducted in November-January at South Tangerang Hospital. The population of this research source is all South Tangerang Hospital Workers, the target population is nurses at South Tangerang Hospital. The sample size of this study was 100 samples. Take samples using random sampling techniques. Analysis of research data using chi-square. Based on the analysis, it was found that all independent variables are related to dependent variables. Including, knowledge p-value 0.000 and attitude with p-value 0.000. It is estimated that the hospital will conduct routine socialization of the use of PPE for nurses. Nurses should be more compliant with the use of PPE.</em></p> Muhamad Saleh Arifin Hardiman SG Suherman Dihartawan Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 472 476 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.383 FACTORS RELATED TO SEXUAL HARASSMENT ON PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN JABODETABEK IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/375 <p><em>Komnas Perempuan defines sexual harassment as sexual acts through physical or non-physical touch with the sexual organs or sexuality of the victims they are subjected to, including acts of whistling, flirting, sexually suggestive speech, displaying pornography and sexual desires, touching or touching the body, gestures or gestures of a sexual nature that result in discomfort, offense, feeling degraded, and possibly to the point of causing health and safety issues. One of them was (55.7%) of respondents who had experienced sexual harassment on public transport. The most respondents who were exposed to the most sexual harassment were women (75.2%). The most frequent harassment was in the KRL (19.5%). The most frequent abuse was verbal abuse (47.7%). The most common type of verbal abuse is someone who calls beautiful/handsome sweet etc. (42.3%). The most perpetrators were other passengers (36.9%). The purpose of this study is that this research was conducted to determine the experience of sexual harassment in general transportation users in Jabodetabek in 2022. The method used This research is a type of quantitative research with a descriptive observational approach with a cross-sectional study design. Data collection was carried out primer using a questionnaire with a sample of 149 respondents taken by purposive sampling technique. The advice of every public transport officer is to provide strict protection so that there is no more sexual harassment.</em></p> Mutia Ayu Putri Setiawan Istianah Surury Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 477 481 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.375 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIET AND STRESS WITH A HISTORY OF GASTRITIS IN ADOLESCENTS AT MADRASAH ALIYAH NEGERI 2 CIPONDOH TANGERANG CITY IN 2023 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/541 <p><em>Gastritis is known among people as stomach ulcers or heartburn that comes suddenly. In developing countries, the incidence of gastritis mostly occurs in the young age group and is dominated by ≤ 20 years, namely 78.6% of this age is a teenager caused by internal factors, namely conditions that can trigger excessive gastric acid secretion and external factors that cause irritation and infection. The purpose of this study was to see if there was a relationship between eating frequency, type of meal, portion size, and stress with a history of gastritis. This study used the Quantitative Analytic method with a cross-sectional study design. This research was conducted in October-December at Madrasan Aliyah Negeri 2 Cipondoh, Tangerang City. The population of this research is all students of MAN 2 Cipondoh, the target population is students of grades 11-12 of MAN 2 Cipondoh. The sample size of this study was 93 students of Cipondoh 2 Madrasah Aliyah. While taking samples using the Simple Random Sampling technique. Analysis of the research data is using chi-square. Based on the analysis, it was found that all independent variables were related to the dependent variable. Includes, frequency of eating with a p-value of 0.000, types of eating with a p-value of 0.000, portions of food with a p-value of 0.034, and stress with 0.000. It is hoped that the students of MAN 2 Cipondoh will pay more attention to their diet considering that almost half of the respondents have less frequency of eating, consume irritating types of food, and have fewer food portions. </em></p> Nurmalia Lusida Nurnida Ashofa Andriyani Dina Rahma Fadlilah Dadang Herdiansyah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 482 487 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.541 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION AND THE INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEA IN TODDLERS IN THE WORK AREA OF THE CIRENDEU HEALTH CENTER, SOUTH TANGERANG CITY IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/542 <p><em>According to the World Health Organization (WHO) each year diarrhea causes 525,000 deaths in toddlers and results in 1.7 million children in the world suffering from diarrheal diseases. Riskesdas results in 2018 showed the prevalence of diarrhea in all ages as much as 8%, in toddlers as much as 12.3%, and in infants as much as 10.6%. Sample Registration System The coverage of diarrhea services in 2021 at all ages was 33.6% while in toddlers it was 23.8%.</em> <em>This research is a type of quantitative research with a cross-sectional study design that uses purposive sampling techniques. This research was conducted on mothers who have toddlers in the Cirendeu Health Center Working Area in 2022. The sample in this study was 77 respondents. The data analysis technique in this study was univariate and bivariate using the Chi-square test.</em> <em>Bivariate test results using the Chi-Square test with α = 0.005 found results There is a relationship between environmental sanitation and the incidence of diarrhea in toddlers in the Cireundeu Health Center Working Area in 2022 with (p-value = 0.003 ≤ α = 0.05) and a Odds ratio value of 6.042.</em> <em>Based on the results of the study, this study states that there is a relationship between environmental sanitation and the incidence of diarrhea in toddlers in the Cireundeu Health Center Working Area in 2022.</em> <em>Provide education on the importance of trash cans that are closed and tightly closed.</em></p> Nurul Anggraini Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 488 496 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.542 ANALYSIS OF THE RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCES (HR) AT PERMATA PAMULANG HOSPITAL https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/543 <p><em>The need for Human resources is needed to fill the positions needed by a health service facility for the scope of employees, medical personnel, leaders, and other workers. In getting qualified employees, the hospital will select applicants when the recruitment is complete. Selection itself is an activity of separating applicants into two parts between being accepted and not being accepted. This research aims to look at the description of the selection or recruitment process for human resources (HR) at Permata Pamulang Hospital in 2022. This research uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive method. This research was conducted using in-depth interviews with informants about the views, beliefs, experiences, and knowledge of the informants' behavior regarding a matter as a whole. 3 informants in this study were key informants, main informants, and supporting informants. This research was conducted at Permata Pamulang Hospital from October 2022 to February 2023. The results of this study stated that recruitment planning would begin when a unit requested additional employees due to workload. After planning, Permata Pamulang Hospital will begin recruiting and selecting the desired human resources. Permata Pamulang Hospital conducts a selection of applications made by high-ranking officials such as HR, coordinators, and users from units that require new employees. </em></p> Putri Amartya Alfiz RR Arum Ariasih Fini Fajrini Noor Latifah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 497 505 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.543 FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE INCIDENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN BASED ON THE NUMERIC PAIN RATING SCALE IN DAILY WORKERS AT THE BBPPT KOMINFO DEPOK PROJECT https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/544 <p><em>Low back pain (LBP) is pain that is felt in the lower back area and originates in the spine, muscles, nerves, or other structures around the area. The prevalence rate of LBP in Indonesia in 2016 was 59.25%. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the incidence of low back pain in daily workers at the BBPPT Kominfo Depok project.Quantitative research with a cross-sectional study design. The population is daily field workers with a total of 70 people and the sampling technique is total sampling. Data collection was carried out in January 2023. Data analysis used the chi-square test α = 0.05. From the study results, the p-value of each variable was obtained, namely: Age (p-value 0.071 meaning that there is no significant relationship between age and the incidence of LBP), Body Mass Index (BMI) (p-value 1.000 meaning there is no significant relationship between BMI with the incidence of LBP), Smoking Habit (p-value 0.044 means that there is a significant relationship between smoking habits and the incidence of LBP), Working Mass (p-value 0.042 means that there is a significant relationship between working mass and the incidence of LBP), Working Time (p-value 0.017 means that there is a significant relationship between working time and the incidence of LBP) and Lifting Weight (p-value 0.013 means that there is a significant relationship between the lifting weight and the incidence of LBP). Smoking habits, years of service, length of work, and weight of lifting have a relationship with the incidence of LBP. Reducing the length of work for daily workers so that daily workers get sufficient rest time, and providing an adequate number of assistive devices so that workers do not lift objects or materials manually. </em></p> Nur Romdhona Salsabila Nuraini Fini Fajrini Noor Latifah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 506 516 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.544 ANALYSIS OF THE APPLICATION OF AN ACTIVE FIRE SYSTEM ACCORDING TO MINISTER OF PUBLIC WORKS NO. 26/PRR/M/2008 AT MEDITERANIA GARDEN RESIDENCE 2 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/367 <p><em>Regulation of the Minister of Public Works Number 26/PRR/M/2008 concerning Technical Requirements for Fire Protection Systems in Buildings and the Environment. From 2011 to 2015, the total data on fires in Indonesia was 979. In 2018 a fire occurred in a shopping center or shopping center, causing a total of 37 people to die. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of an active fire protection system according to Minister of Public Works Regulation No. 26/PRR/M/2008 at Mediterania Garden Residence 2 Apartments in 2022. This research is qualitative-quantitative with a descriptive approach and uses a purposive sampling technique, analysis uses a checklist and deep interview. The results of research observations obtained after the analysis used the suitability assessment of the application of active fire protection systems, namely APAR 99.6% and Hydrant 99.6%. Implementation of an active fire protection system at Mediterania Garden Residence 2 Apartment according to standards in Minister of Public Works Regulation No.26/PTR/M/2008 by obtaining a hydrant score of 99.6% and for APAR obtaining a score of 99.6%. the application of APAR and Hydrant is quite good but must be improved in terms of routine checking and monitoring.</em></p> Dihartawan Selvi Fathia Rahmah Hardiman Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 517 521 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.367 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIFESTYLE, BMI STATUS, AND LEVEL OF RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE RELATED TO MENARCHE AND EARLY MENARCHE IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL X CHILDREN IN SOUTH TANGERANG CITY IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/380 <p><em>With a decrease in age of 0.145 years every decade, Indonesia ranks 15th out of 67 countries according to the results of the 2010 RISKESDAS report, which found that 5.2% of children in 17 provinces in Indonesia experienced menarche before the age of 12 which was characterized by enlarged pelvis, breast enlargement, growth of axillary hair and pubic hair. Menarche has occurred in 20.9% of Indonesian women under the age of 12 years. The study design was cross-sectional with a sample of 90 children in grades 5 and 6. The sampling technique used non-probability sampling, data analysis used the Chi-Square test (α=0.05). Variables related to the incidence of early menarche are lifestyle (P-value=0.004, OR=9.008), BMI status (P-value=0.007, OR=8.042), variables not related to early menarche, namely: level of religious knowledge related to menarche (P-value=1.000, OR=0.000). This research is expected to provide additional insight to the public regarding early menarche. This research is expected to be literacy to complement previous studies regarding early menarche. Future research can add other variables that have not been discussed in this study, such as nutritional status or others. </em></p> Apipah Auliah Nasution Nurfadhilah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 522 529 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.380 DETERMINANTS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF OHS CULTURE AT RSIA BUNDA CIPUTAT, SOUTH TANGERANG CITY, IN 2022 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/498 <p><em>The hospital is one of the workplaces that has a high risk of danger that can cause accidents or work-related illnesses. The application of OSH culture in hospitals is needed to minimize incidents of accidents and work-related illnesses by hospital standards or targets to achieve zero accidents. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to find out the determinants of implementing OSH culture at RSIA Bunda Ciputat in 2022. This quantitative observational study used an analytic survey with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used a total sampling of 118 workers, which was carried out in December 2022 at RSIA Bunda Ciputat. Data analysis with logistic regression (=0.05). The application of OSH culture at RSIA Bunda Ciputat is not optimal; only 40.7% of respondents applied well, and 59.3% did not do well. Leadership and attitude simultaneously affect the application of OSH culture after being controlled by perception and action variables (p = 0.00). The most dominant factor in implementing OSH culture is leadership (p = 0.011, B = 1.999, OR = 3.001). There are 4 factors (leadership, attitude, perception, and action) that influence the application of OSH culture at RSIA Bunda Ciputat, and 2 factors, including perception and action, are confounding factors. Suggestion: One of the strategies needed to increase the application of an occupational health and safety culture in hospitals is to optimize the functions of the occupational health and safety committee, supervision, and training related to worker health and safety.</em></p> Hadis Akbari Munaya Fauziah Agus Triyono Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 530 541 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.498 EFFECTIVENESS OF STUNTING PREVENTION PROGRAM AT BAJA HEALTH CENTER IN TANGERANG CITY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/553 <p><em>Stunting is a form of growth and developmental failure that causes linear growth disorders in toddlers due to the accumulation of nutritional deficiencies over a long period, starting from pregnancy to 24 months of age. The problem of malnutrition in Indonesia is a health issue that has not been fully addressed by the government. This can be seen from survey and research data such as the Basic Health Research (2018), which states that the prevalence of stunting (very short) in Indonesia is 19.3%, higher than in 2013 (19.2%) and 2007 (18%). Although many stunting prevention programs have been implemented by various parties and the health sector, these efforts have not effectively reduced the target number of stunting cases at the national level, posing a challenge for the health sector in preventing stunting cases. This research adopts a descriptive qualitative study design, where researchers aim to assess the effectiveness of the stunting prevention program in the working area of Baja Tangerang Health Center with three informants. Data collection techniques include interviewing related parties, observation, and documentation, with data analyzed by combining information from various existing sources. Health Center Baja has handled 2 children with malnutrition and 7 children with stunting. The results indicate that preventive measures must continue to be improved by meeting nutritional needs during pregnancy, monitoring child growth and development, and maintaining environmental hygiene. Integrated and multisectoral programs are needed to increase family income and prevent premature births (babies born not full term) to overcome the incidence of stunting in toddlers</em><em>.</em></p> Tri Suryani Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 542 551 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.553 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX (BMI), ALBUMIN LEVELS, MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE (MAP), AND FOOD INTAKE ON THE INCIDENCE OF PREECLAMPSIA: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/391 <p><em>Preeclampsia and eclampsia have the greatest impact on the morbidity and mortality of pregnant women and newborns. Management of patients with manifestations of preeclampsia requires a well-formulated plan that takes into account maternal risk factors, clinical, laboratory, and imaging (X-ray) findings, and time of onset gestational age, and delivery. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), albumin levels, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and food intake on the incidence of preeclampsia. This prospective cohort study was conducted at the Community Health Centers working area of ​​Central Jakarta from October 2021 to May 2022. A sample of 167 pregnant women was selected using </em><em>consecutive sampling</em> <em>with inclusion criteria of 13-16 weeks gestation and was willing to participate in the research program. Samples who had communication disorders were on routine medication, and had a history of other diseases, except for hypertension, were excluded from the study. Data processing uses the SPSS 22.0 program with independent t-test and chi-square test analysis. The results showed that 8.4% of pregnant women with preeclampsia were positive, there was a significant relationship between age (p = 0.042; RR = 2.99; 95% CI: 1.00-9.16); spacing of pregnancies (p= 0.008; RR= 3.97; 95% CI: 1.46-10.78); maternal history of hypertension (p= 0.002; RR= 5.18; 95% CI: 1.98-13.59); BMI in early pregnancy (p= 0.001; RR= 6.02; 95% CI: 1.98-18.28); albumin level (p= 0.001; RR= 13.48; 95% CI: 1.80-100.69); MAP (p&lt; 0.001; RR= 10.93; 95%CI: 4.47-26.70); animal protein intake (p= 0.024; RR= 3.13; 95%CI: 1.10-8.91); and vegetable intake (p= 0.038; RR= 2.79; 95%CI: 1.02-7.64) with preeclampsia. Preventing the occurrence of preeclampsia can be done by early examination of albumin levels and maintaining food intake.</em></p> Hirfa Turrahmi Tria Astika Endah Permatasari Heri Rosyati Elli Hidayati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 552 572 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.391 THE EFFECT OF HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION ON OBESITY IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN JAKARTA, INDONESIA https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/442 <p><em>Hormonal contraception can stimulate the appetite control center in the hypothalamus, so that acceptors eat more than usual. The use of hormonal contraception in women of childbearing age can lead to weight gain which can lead to obesity. Obesity in women of childbearing age will increase the risk of developing diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and preeclampsia during pregnancy. To see the effect of hormonal contraception on the incidence of obesity in women of childbearing age. The design of this study used descriptive analytic with a cross sectional study approach. The sample in the study were 840 women of childbearing age (15-49 years) who used hormonal contraception (DMPA). Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the independent factors associated with the incidence of obesity in women of childbearing age using 95% Odds Ratio (OR) and Confidence Interval (CI). P-value &lt; 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Data analysis explained that age, type of hormonal contraception, and duration of contraception use were risk factors for obesity in women of childbearing age. Age &gt; 35 years (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 0.361-6.807; P 0.548), type of hormonal contraception (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.322-2.461; P &lt;0.001), duration of contraceptive use (OR: 4.9; 95% CI: 3.513-6.851; P &lt;0.001). The type of contraception and the duration of use of hormonal contraception are potential factors for the occurrence of obesity in women of childbearing age. The results of this study help the government to tackle obesity rates.</em></p> Hamidah Heri Rosyati Asry Novi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 573 578 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.442 ERGONOMIC RISK ANALYSIS AND MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs) OPERATOR FINAL INSPECTION ON AUTMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN TANGERANG CITY https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/437 <p><em>Ergonomics is very important to note so that work-related illnesses and accidents do not occur. Disturbances arising from ergonomics are Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), namely disorders of body structures such as muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, nerves, cartilage, bones, local blood circulation system. Ergonomics risks were identified using REBA and MSDs complaints using the Nordic Body Map questionnaire. Age, education, exercise habits, smoking habits, BMI, body posture and length of work are factors that can influence MSDs complaints. The aim of this research is to know the factors that influence MSDs complaints. Cross sectional study design with a sample of 231 using logistic regression analysis. The results showed that the ergonomic risk level was low 17,3%, medium 16,9% and high 65,8%. The prevalence of MSDs complaints is 65,8% felt by operators. Respondents aged &gt; 35 years (42,9%), SMA/SMK and below (91,8%), do not have exercise habits 95,2%, smoke every day (59,3%), BMI is overweight (72,7%), risky posture (83,1%) and normal working hours (72,7%). There is a relationship between ergonomic risk, body posture and MSDs complaints. In conclusion, the dominant factor influencing MSDs complaints is body posture with OR 0,127. The research suggestion is to make improvements through the OHS control hierarchy such as equipping lifting equipment, re-designing conveyors for transporting tires, modifying racks to be non-level, socializing working safely and working with poster zones, making work procedures safe.</em></p> Mariyatul Qibtiyah Januar Ariyanto Triana Srisantyorini Aragar Putri Agus Triyono Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 579 593 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.437 ANALYZING THE INTERSECTION OF SMOKING CONSEQUENCES IN ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE AND ITS DIVERSE PERSPECTIVES https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/566 <p><em>The leading preventable cause of fatality in contemporary society is smoking. In Islamic law, smoking is inextricably linked to the examination of the Qur'an, Hadith, and Ijtihad. This literature review examines the intricate convergence of smoking repercussions and Islamic jurisprudence, delving into the varied viewpoints concerning this matter within the Islamic tradition. This research examines fundamental Islamic scriptures, such as the Al-Quran, Hadith, and Ijtihad, in order to reveal the diverse array of principles and perspectives that influence Islamic perspectives on smoking. A spectrum of perspectives exists within Islamic jurisprudence regarding smoking, ranging from permissibility to prohibition, according to a synthesis of the relevant literature. The research emphasizes the complex correlation between smoking and Islamic ethics, taking into account elements such as personal accountability and health repercussions. Furthermore, the analysis discerns significant themes and recurring arguments that influence the varied viewpoints on smoking in Islamic thought as presented in the literature. In summary, this literature review highlights the intricacy of the matter through its provision of an all-encompassing examination of the varied viewpoints concerning the repercussions of smoking within the realm of Islamic jurisprudence. The results of this research enhance our comprehension of the ethical implications and difficulties linked to smoking in an Islamic framework. As a result, policymakers, practitioners, and scholars in the disciplines of health and religious studies will gain invaluable knowledge from these results.</em></p> Muhammad Labib Syahrullah Raghib Filhaq Fakhrurazi Reno Sutan Saiful Bahri Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 594 603 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.566 HARMONY AND HEALTH: APPROACH TO IDENTIFYING RISK FACTORS AND COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELLITUS https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/567 <p><em>Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic condition characterized by lifelong affliction. This study employs the literature review methodology, wherein researchers undertake a systematic examination of a range of current publications encompassing diverse genres. The objective of this study is to explore diverse concepts and theories that can subsequently be formed to align with the research objectives. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic condition with several causes, characterized by elevated blood glucose levels and associated metabolic dysregulation of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins due to insufficient insulin activity. Diabetic foot is recognized as a notable consequence of diabetes mellitus. The management of diabetic foot can be improved with the implementation of foot workouts. Typically, individuals diagnosed with diabetes mellitus have access to several treatment options, including insulin therapy, administration of diabetic medications, exploration of alternative treatments, consideration of surgical interventions, and adoption of a healthier lifestyle.</em></p> Dina Rahma Fadlilah Irna Hasanah Sadya Bustomi Abul A'la Al Maududi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 604 613 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.567 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING SCREENS ON COMPUTER MONITORS AGAINST EYE MUSCLE FATIGUE OF EMPLOYEES AT THE AMBON CITY EDUCATION OFFICE IN 2023 https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/390 <p><em>Eye fatigue is a somatic disorder in the ciliary muscle of the eye that is forced to work to see close objects for long periods of time. Computers as electronic devices use electrical energy and electromagnetic radiation waves that are harmful to eye health. The installation of Antiglare Screen on a computer monitor is believed to reduce complaints of eye muscle fatigue so it needs to be reviewed for the effectiveness of its use. It is known the effectiveness of using screens on computer monitors to reduce eye muscle fatigue of employees at the Ambon City Education Office in 2023. Quantitative research design with quasy experiment method. Using Simple Random Sampling technique as many as 30 respondents. Data collection techniques using questionnaires and interventions using screen monitors measured by the photostress recovery test method. The measurement results are analyzed by the repeated-measured anova statistical test. </em><em>The average prevalence value of eye muscle fatigue ≥ 50 seconds before the screen installation intervention on a computer monitor. After the intervention, post-measurement of 1 right eye on the fourth day amounted to 14.833 seconds, the OR value was 0.028, for the left eye it was 14.633 seconds, the OR value was 0.001. Post measurement-2 of the right eye on the sixth day of 26.367 seconds of OR value of 0.026, for the left eye of 25.533 seconds OR value 0.016. Furthermore, Post measurement-3 right eye on day 10 amounted to 35,200 seconds OR value -0.001, for left eye 35,700 seconds OR value -0.038. There was a difference in the average fatigue of the eye muscles in three post-measurements using the photostress recovery test method.</em> <em>Post-measurement variable-3 on day 10 of the intervention using a computer monitor screen had an effect on reducing eye muscle fatigue. The longer respondents use antiglare screen, the less eye muscle fatigue. Although there were respondents who had refractive errors, the use of screen monitors was effective in reducing fatigue of the right eye OR (-0.001) and left eye OR (-0.038). </em><em>Computer users must have occupational safety and health awareness in using computers. Pay attention to the arrangement of the workspace and optimize eye rest time by occasionally turning your eyes to the green area filled with trees outdoors.</em></p> Gherice E. Serumena Aragar Putri Abdul Baktiansyah Triana Srisantyorini Syamsiar S. Russeng Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 614 630 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.390 IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL INDICATORS FOR QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER IN WEST JAVA PROVINCE https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/427 <p><em>The National Quality Indicator (INM) is one of the benchmarks in efforts to improve the quality of health services. Community health centers must provide quality health services according to standards. To find out the implementation of the achievements of the community health centers in West Java Province in measuring, reporting, and achieving the national indicators of quality in the community health centers as an effort to maintain and improve service quality. The method used is a descriptive method with secondary data analysis from the national indicators of the quality report on the Mutufasyankes.kemenkes.go.id application, the data is presented in the form of a frequency distribution. The National Quality Indicator Report for 2022 is higher than in 2021, there are 1057 (97%) Community Health Centers that have reported INM, the district/city with the lowest achievement, namely Kab. Ciamis 60%, Banjar City 69%, and Bekasi City 70%, 3 indicators have not reached the target in all districts/cities, namely compliance with the use of PPE, compliance with patient identification, and successful treatment of TB patients for all drug-sensitive cases (SO). There are still districts/cities in West Java province that are not yet compliant with reporting INM, and there are still INM achievements that have not reached the target, it is necessary to optimize the monitoring and evaluation of INM reporting activities by the district/city Health Office.</em></p> Tanti Oktriani Dewi Purnamawati Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 631 642 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.427 EXPLORING THE PROHIBITION OF SMOKING IN ISLAM: A LITERATURE REVIEW ON QUR'ANIC VERSES, SUNNAH, AND I'TIBAR PERSPECTIVES WITH EMPHASIS ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS https://e-journal.fkmumj.ac.id/index.php/miphmp/article/view/607 <p><em>Smoking is prohibited based on the meanings indicated in the text of the Qur'an and Sunnah and the correct I'tibar (logic). The evidence from the Qur'an is His words Qs. Al-Baqarah 195. This research uses the literature review method in which researchers conduct a series of studies involving various kinds of information derived from literature such as books, journals, documents, and so on with the aim of finding various kinds of theories and ideas which can then be formulated results in accordance with the objectives of the research carried out in order to obtain conclusions about smoking in the perspective of Islam and health. The results of various sources of literature show that Islam has explained well in the Qur'an and hadith regarding smoking in the view of Islam and health. Because smoking can lead to destruction, which damages the entire body system and causes disease from this reason it is very clear that smoking is prohibited or haram. Therefore, avoid cigarettes and get used to healthy living</em></p> Dede Rosyada Raghib Filhaq Dina Rahma Fadlilah Nahuda Nahuda Syahrullah Syahrullah Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammadiyah International Public Health and Medicine Proceeding 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 3 1 643 651 10.61811/miphmp.v3i1.607